For JYLG, the ethological equitation is
the research of harmony between two living beings, the horse and
the rider, the putting up of a mood of mutual confidence, the basic
principle being, and that concerns the rider, the respect of the
moral and physical horse’s personality.
JYLG does not conform to a fashion, when he put himself, during
the year 2006 (year of the revision of his website) in the trends
of the ethological equitation. For him, it is an old preoccupation,
all this dates back a very long time, thirty years, when the term "ethological" was
not new, of course, but when people do not use the expression "ethological
You can find that in several quotations of his first book, published
in 1988, but written eight years ago, Nouvelle Équitation, à la
recherche du centaure, Lavauzelle, Paris, 1988.
"The riding has lost a great part of his strength and of
his beauty because it no longer has the requirement of the respect
of the personality of the horse; the modern
ethology can put us back
on the right track."
The treatises on general ethology still exist and it is necessary
to consult the authoritative works of Konrad
Lorenz, as did JYLG
as soon as they came out. Consequently, this short paper presents
some general reflections on equine ethology and shows what Riding
by the self-posture of the horse permits in order to respect the
moral and physical horse’s personality.
From a practical point of view, concerning
riding, it is necessary to respect the horse’s personality
and to take advantage of it, but gently.
Consequently, first, it is necessary do definite what is the horse’s
personality and JYLG did that a long time ago. In the same book,
published in 1988, he wrote:
"The physical personality is characterised by the hypersensitivity,
the moral personality by an extreme emotionalism."
This summary already permits to give precious pieces of information
on … What you must absolutely avoid (for example, to offend
the delicate mucous membrane of the horse’s mouth, or to torture
his "quivering" skin, or to put him under stress by excessive
requests because of their difficulty or their number).
The ethological ridings, for there are several, express more or
less the same principles, but they could stay pious wishes, if they
are not supported by an effective doctrine and effective processes.
In fact, when the rider did not receive a high-quality instruction,
he risks to fall in a simplistic and reprehensible riding, when,
and it is often the case, alas, the rider "pulls up" and "uses
too much leg(s)".
Still in his work published in 1988, JYLG gives at first general
instructions on what the rider has to do:
"The knowledge of the physical and moral personality of the
horse is not only necessary in order to obtain the best of the horse,
but also for his education, because we mustn’t lose sight of
the fact that he is an infinitely perfectible being."
The rider has to be first a psychologist.
Ethological equitation and the Riding by the self-posture
of the horse
If you consult the page "Self-posture", you will read,
among other things: "This approach is, from a pedagogical point
of view, of an incredible superiority …, The horse becomes
a thinking partner …, Even a joyful complicity is establishing
between him and his instructor …, The collaboration of the
horse, a well-thought collaboration, freely agreed, generous …"
And in the book In
search of centaur, the physical and moral personality of the
horse, an ethological riding (CD 10), he draws up
a long list of processes in order to respect this complicated
and delicate personality, but allowing to obtain the best, gently,
of this sensitiveness animal machine: "aids that strive towards
without legs, legs without hand", "superiority
of the aid of weight", "use the favorable periods of
the locomotion cycle (optimization of the rider’s requests)",
"weight of the leather", "use of the articulatory
limits of the vertebral column", "relaxation of the jaw", "recourse
to the preliminary work in hand" …
You will sea:
The JYLG’s method, based on personal
and original processes, a method that appeals to the horse’s
intelligence, to his faculties of reasoning and of self-determination,
is an ethological, reliable and efficient method.